One of the Windows SBS 2003 servers I administer had a BSOD and after bringing it back up the Exchange store wouldn't mount. It gave the error "The database files in this store are inconsistent."
I used the Eseutil.exe utility to check the consistency of the store.
"c:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\bin\eseutil.exe" /mh "c:\Program Files\Exchsrvr\MDBDATA\priv1.edb"
From the output I noticed 2 things. The state was set to dirty shutdown and one of the logs was missing or corrupt.
State: Dirty Shutdown
Log Required: 16655-16655 (0x410f-0x410f)
I tried running Eseutil.exe /r but received an error. I then proceeded to run Eseutil.exe /p which repairs the database. Once that was complete I ran an offline defrag, Eseutil.exe /d, and lastly isinteg.exe -s servernsmr-fix -test alltests which checks for integrity weaknesses.
I was then able to mount the store and users were able to access their mailboxes. A word of caution Eseutil.exe /p is usually a last resort and can cause some data loss. Microsoft recommends restoring from a clean backup rather then doing a repair. I'll leave that decision up to you.
I have Windows 7 x64 and a 1.5TB hard drive. Whenever my PC was resuming from standby I would get a BSOD. I initially thought it was a driver issue but I came across this KB article.
"You receive various Stop error messages in Windows 7 or in Windows Server 2008 R2 when you try to resume a computer that has a large SATA hard disk"