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TFTP in OS X Lion 10.7

In OS X Lion Apple changed how you access the TFTP server.  Below are the steps for editing the default location of the TFTP server and launching it.

  1. If you'd like to change the path the TFTP server uses you can create a directory wherever you'd like and name it tftp.  If not skip to step 3 but be aware you won't have direct access to the default folder location which is /private/tftpboot
  2. First let's edit the tftp.plist file to point to the new location
    1. Open up Terminal
    2. type  sudo nano /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/tftp.plist and press enter
    3. Type in your password
    4. Using the arrow keys move the cursor the the <string>/private/tftpboot</string> location.
    5. Replace the path <string>/private/tftpboot</string> with the location you chose.  I put <string>/Users/USERNAME/tftp</string>
    6. Press control + X and Y to save.
  3. Load and launch the TFTP server
    1. In Terminal type sudo launchctl load -F /System/Library/LaunchDaemons/tftp.plist and press enter
    2. Next type sudo launchctl start and press enter

To confirm it is up and listening type netstat -a -p udp | grep tftp into the Terminal window and press enter.  You should see something similar to this...
udp6 0 0 *.tftp *.*
udp4 0 0 *.tftp *.*

If not then the daemon did not start correctly.  You may need to check the plist file for any errors.

I got some of my info from The Weezey Geek but felt it wasn't a complete tutorial.  I wrote this up to hopefully give people a start to finish guide on editing and starting the TFTP server.

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Jing vs. Snagit

I recently needed to get a screenshot tool and saw the makers of Snagit had a free tool called Jing. After some research I found a comparison between the two.



Changing the network adapter binding order

If you're like me you have a wired and wireless connection at work.  When your accessing your server or other network resources you want to make sure your PC uses your wired connection over your wireless connection without having to manually disable the wireless adapter.  You can set the order in which the network connections are accessed in Windows XP, Vista or 7.

In Windows Vista or 7

  1. Click the Start button then Control Panel
  2. Click View network status and tasks
  3. Click Change adapter settings in the left side bar
  4. Press the Alt key to show the file menu and click Advanced then Advanced settings...
  5. Order your network adapters by using the arrows on the right...

Dealing with 20 GB or greater PST files in Outlook

Lately I've had a few users who's PST has gotten corrupt and been unaccessible at the 19GB mark.  After doing some research I discovered the default unicode PST size limit in Outlook 2003 and 2007 is 20GB.

By default, .pst files are in the Unicode format in Outlook 2007 and in Outlook 2003. Additionally, the overall size of the .pst files has a limit that is more than the 2-GB limit that is imposed by the ANSI .pst files. By default, the limit for a Unicode .pst file in Outlook 2007 and in Outlook 2003 is configured to be 20 GB.

To resolve this I run scanPST.exe located in C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office12 in Windows 7 or C:\Program Files\Microsoft Office\Office12 in Windows XP if you have Office 2007.  Once that completes you'll have a functioning PST.  You can open it in Outlook but it will become corrupt after you start using it again so this isn't an option.
The best way to deal with a large PST is to split it into multiple smaller PST files and access them as needed.  A great free tool for this is MailScavator.

First choose your Outlook profile then choose which PSTs you want to work with.

Third you choose where you want the PSTs saved.  Fourth you choose the size and how you want to split them.

You can filter what emails you work with by selecting Dates, addresses sent by, received by, or certain text in the message.

Lastly you can logging and choose whether or not you want to move, copy, or scan.  I typically move as the original PST is worthless at it's current size.  Now click Start and let it works its magic.


Connecting Windows 7 to a Windows XP share

If you are having trouble connecting a Windows 7 machine to a Windows XP share try enabling Network security: LAN Manager authentication level - Send LM & NTLM responses.

  1. Open the run dialog and type gpedit.msc and press enter.
  2. Open Computer Configuration
  3. Open Windows Settings
  4. Open Security Settings
  5. Open Local Policies
  6. Open Security Options
  7. Find Network security: LAN Manager authentication level and change it to Send LM & NTLM responses
For more info on the settings see the Microsoft TechNet article.

You cannot view a list in Datasheet view after you install the 64-bit version of Office 2010

You cannot view a list in Datasheet view on a SharePoint website after you install the 64-bit version of Microsoft Office 2010.

When you click Actions and then click Edit in Datasheet on a SharePoint 2003 or 2007 site, or you click the List tab and then click Datasheet view on a SharePoint 2010 site, you receive the following error message:

The list cannot be displayed in Datasheet view for one or more of the following reasons:
• A datasheet component compatible with Microsoft SharePoint Foundation is not installed.
• Your Web browser does not support ActiveX controls.
• A component is not properly configured for 32-bit or 64-bit support.

Install the 2007 Office System Driver: Data Connectivity Components 


Windows 7 prompting for credentials when accessing SharePoint documents

You are prompted to enter your credentials, even though the user account that you are using has sufficient permission to access this site.

For example, when you open a Microsoft Office file from a Microsoft Office SharePoint site by using 2007 Microsoft Office on a Windows 7-based client computer that has no proxy configured, you are prompted for authentication.

you have to create a registry entry. To do this, follow these steps:

  1. Click Start, type regedit in the Start Search box, and then press ENTER.
  2. Locate and then click the following registry subkey:
  3. On the Edit menu, point to New, and then click Multi-String Value.
  4. Type AuthForwardServerList, and then press ENTER.
  5. On the Edit menu, click Modify.
  6. In the Value data box, type the URL of the server that hosts the Web share, and then click OK.Note You can also type a list of URLs in the Value data box. For more information, see the "Sample URL list" section in this article.
  7. Exit Registry Editor.
  8. Restart the WebDAV service.
  9. Open an elevated command prompt and type in net stop WebClient && net start WebClient
  10. Reconnect to your SharePoint site.

Windows 7 firewall network location

If you have a computer that is connected to a domain and is plugged into the domain network but doesn't have the domain profile active in the firewall settings of Windows 7 check to make sure you have your domain DNS server set as your primary DNS.

I had a client have an external DNS set for "faster internet" but it was causing errors on the machine because the PDC couldn't communicate with it correctly.


How to write e-mails to nerds from

Standard e-mail etiquette is pretty obvious to most of us and if you're good at it, you'll get your point across more often without stepping on toes or causing unneeded confusion. Simple things like identifying yourself well, avoiding sarcasm and adding context to statements are all extremely beneficial. However, writing e-mails to highly technical developers, system administrators, and engineers is a little trickier. These types of e-mail recipients don't really enjoy handling e-mail (inbound or outbound) and most find that e-mail is just a speed bump which interrupts their productivity.

If you're not technical, you might be asking yourself: "I need to e-mail technical people and they need to take what I say seriously? How do I do it?" It's not impossible, but the rest of this blog post should help.

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MotoHelper 2.0.24 Consuming free space

A client of mine's laptop ran out of free space.  I did a scan and noticed the file MotoHelper.log was using it all.   After deleting the file it began to consume all the free space again after a few days.  I uninstalled the MotoHelper software and all is well.  I couldn've tried updating it but the client did not need the software.

The file path is...
C:\Program Files\Motorola\MotoHelper\MotoHelper.log